This ebook is geared toward readers and researchers who're drawn to chinese language backyard structure, the increase and fall of Yuanming Yuan and the background of the Qing dynasty. it's the first finished examine of the palatial backyard advanced in a Western language, and is abundantly illustrated with pictures and unique drawings. Young-tsu Wong s attractive writing variety brings "the backyard of ideal brightness" to lifestyles as he leads readers on a grand journey of its structure and history.
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Additional resources for A Paradise Lost: The Imperial Garden Yuanming Yuan (China Academic Library)
The particular life of crew accountability in those instances underlined the seriousness of ﬁre. After having conscientiously guarded opposed to ﬁre risks for greater than a century, the Yuanming Yuan was once ﬁnally burned to the floor in 1860. The imperial backyard subdued lower than the wrath of aggression and defeat. The perpetrators have been the triumphant enemies, and either the imperial capital and the imperial backyard have been at their mercy. The high-ranking o‰cials who have been accountable for securing the imperial backyard, together with Prince Zai Huan, dutifully asked punishment within the aftermath of the inferno. however the Xianfeng emperor spared all of them. The emperor knew on the backside of his middle that nobody yet he himself can be blamed. finally, he selected a face-saving manner out of the embarrassment by way of stripping St r u c t u r e a n d Fu n c t i o n a couple of o‰cials of honorable titles, whereas asking them to stay in o‰ce (YMYA 1991, 1:554, 586). in brief, not anyone was once punished for the burning of the Yuanming Yuan. even though nonetheless lower than cautious supervision, the significantly burned Yuanming Yuan turned ever extra di‰cult to safe. The Immortal domicile at the Fairy Terrace in the midst of the lake, which had escaped the 1860 inferno, by surprise stuck ﬁre on August 21, 1870. even supposing the watchmen spotted the flames past due at evening and quick pronounced to the top eunuch within the backyard, the rescue e¤orts have been handicapped by means of the shortcoming of apparatus to go the lake and ﬁght the ﬁre. as a result, the palaces at the domicile, which had survived the sooner inferno, have been ate up by way of ﬁre a decade later. The Imperial family, although suspecting arson, may possibly by no means confirm the particular reason for ﬁre. The blame used to be laid at the head eunuch and watchmen for having didn't take sufficient precautions opposed to ﬁre within the ﬁrst position after which displaying insu‰cient e¤ort in ﬁghting the ﬁre. They have been both stripped of titles or caned or either. Dong Fu, then the final manager of the Yuanming Yuan, paid a ﬁne akin to his three-month profit allowance for this actual ﬁre incident (YMYA 1991, 1:621–623). As time went on, a growing number of issues of unlawful entry have been open to the speedy deteriorating Yuanming Yuan. how you can preserve intruders out grew to become a growing number of di‰cult. numerous thieves simply broke into the crumbling partitions. one in all them, named Mi Laoer, was once stuck on June thirteen, 1861, while he sneaked into the eu part to scouse borrow bronzes, vessels, and stoves (YMYA 1991, 1:598, 600). On January 24, 1862, lower than the Tongzhi reign, the newly based Zongli Yamen (the bureau for coping with the overall a¤airs in regards to the west) mentioned to the court docket yes foreigner had stealthily climbed the Fuyuan Gate to go into into the Yuanming Yuan with out permission. He was once came upon by way of the on-duty eunuchs whilst he used to be having a look over a few books in a room. The foreigner was once detained and identiﬁed as Zhang Mianxing, most likely Ernst Ohlmer’s chinese language identify. Serving as a clerk within the chinese language Customs O‰ce in Tianjin, Ohlmer presumed innocence for no longer figuring out the foundations, let alone that he should be safe by means of extraterritoriality.