Astral Sciences in Mesopotamia (Handbook of Oriental Studies)

By Hermann Hunger, David Pingree

Astronomy and astrology, or the astral sciences, performed a huge, if now not key function within the political and non secular lifetime of the traditional close to East, and of the Greek and Roman global. this article presents a finished account of the origins of the astral sciences within the historical close to East. all sorts of Sumerian or Akkadian textual content facing descriptive or mathematical astronomy, together with many person pills are completely handled. It additionally good points descriptions of astronomical contents, an evidence in their clinical that means, and where a given style or capsule has within the improvement of astronomy either in the Mesopotamian tradition and out of doors of it.

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By Hermann Hunger, David Pingree

Astronomy and astrology, or the astral sciences, performed a huge, if now not key function within the political and non secular lifetime of the traditional close to East, and of the Greek and Roman global. this article presents a finished account of the origins of the astral sciences within the historical close to East. all sorts of Sumerian or Akkadian textual content facing descriptive or mathematical astronomy, together with many person pills are completely handled. It additionally good points descriptions of astronomical contents, an evidence in their clinical that means, and where a given style or capsule has within the improvement of astronomy either in the Mesopotamian tradition and out of doors of it.

Show description

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From Issar-šumu-ereš. 2. starvation [1992] p. forty two (Report 71): The evening of the 2d day, Jupiter stood within the halo of the Moon. —. From Nabû-ahhe-eriba. three. starvation [1992] pp. 54-55 (Report 93): If the Moon is surrounded via a halo, and Jupiter [stands] in [it], —. From Balasi. four. starvation [1992] pp. 89-90 (Report 147): tonight the Moon used to be surrounded by means of a halo, [and] Jupiter and the Scorpion [stood] in [it]. —. From Nabû-muše§i. five. starvation [1992] p. 116 (Report 205): If die Moon [is surrounded] by means of a halo, and Jupiter [stands] in [it], —. If the Moon is surrou[nded] through a halo, and the King [stands] in it, —. 6. starvation [1992] p. a hundred and twenty (Report 215): If Jupiter [in Simānu stands] within the halo of the Moon, —. A halo of Simānu —. 7. starvation [1992] p. 153 (Report 277): [If the Moon] is surrounded via a halo, and Jupiter stands in it, —. From Nergal-e{ir. eight. I-Iunger [1992] p. 210 (Report 370): If the Moon is surrounded by way of a halo, and Jupiter stands in it, —. If the Frond stands widi [... ], —. From Nabû-šuma-iškun. 23 December -674(? ). nine. starvation [1992] pp. 227-228 (Report 398): [If the Moon is surrounded by means of a halo, and Jup]iter stands in it, —. [If the Moon is surrounded via a halo, and Jupite]r stands in it, —. [From Raš]i1 the elder, servant of the king. VI. Being seen in the course of an eclipse; see Saturn VI 1. 1. Parpola [1993] p. fifty seven (Letter 75): To the king, my lord: your servant Nabû-ahhe-eriba. —. Jupiter and Venus have been current through the (lunar) eclipse until eventually it cleared. 2. starvation [1992] pp. 168-169 (Report 300): [If in its eclipse] (i. e. , the lunar eclipse in Pabilsag on 14 Simānu = 22 could -677) Jupiter stands there, —. [ ] Zakir. Cf. nos. three and four. three. starvation [1992] pp. 178-179 (Report 316): within the eclipse [of the Moon] (on 14 Simānu) Jupiter stood there: —. From Munnabitu. Cf. nos. 2 and four. four. starvation [1992] pp. 293-294 (Report 535): [If during this eclipse] (in Pabilsag on 15(! ) Simānu) Jupiter stands there, —. VII. movement over a time period. 1. Parpola [1993] pp. 298-299 (Letter 362): ... [did now not ap]pear, and the day [—. final 12 months] it turned seen at the twenty second of Ajjaru hello the [Old Man]; it disappeared in Nisannu of the [present] 12 months, at the twenty ninth day. Jupiter [remains invisible] from 20 to 30 days; now it stored itself again from the sky 130 bankruptcy for 35 days. It seemed at the sixth of Simānu within the zone of the genuine Shepherd of Anu, exceeding its time period (edānu) by means of five days. With this is going Letter 363 (Parpola [1993] p. 300): referring to Jupiter approximately which I formerly wrote to the king, my lord: "It has seemed within the direction of Anu, within the region of the real Shepherd of Anu," it was once low and vague within the haze, (but) they stated: "It is within the direction of Anu," —. Now it has risen and turn into transparent; it's status less than the Chariot within the direction of Enlil. 2. starvation [1992] p. 50 (Report 84): Jupiter [is visib1e(? ) in the back of die Twins]. Now I wrote to the king, my lord, once I saw [it]. Later, as soon as (it) has moved on and approached the Crab, I shall replica one other file and enable the king, my lord, pay attention (it). Mars I. Being with a specific constellation.

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